Driving isn’t the only thing you should know how to do when you own a car. Basic vehicle maintenance and repair are also important knowledge to have for your vehicle’s health and your safety.

This is especially true in the unplanned event of a flat tire. That’s why our team at Boch Nissan South got together to create this step-by-step guide to changing a tire – so that you’ll know what to do when the unexpected happens.

How to change a tire step-by-step guide at Boch Nissan South in Norwood | Red Emergency Stop Sign

First Things First

Find a safe location.
Reduce your speed slowly and scan your surroundings for some solid, level ground. It’s best to avoid soft ground and hills to prevent rolling or instability. Try to park as far away from traffic as possible and turn on your hazard lights.

If you’re on a narrow shoulder, keep driving slowly until you find a safer spot. Replacing a rim is better than being hit by an inattentive driver. Then, get out that owner’s manual – you’ll need to use it.

How to change a tire step-by-step guide at Boch Nissan South in Norwood | Spare Tire and Car

What You’ll Need

Stuff that should’ve come with your vehicle:

  1. Vehicle owner’s manual
  2. Fully inflated spare tire
  3. Lug wrench
  4. Car Jack

Other stuff that’s helpful to have on hand:

  1. Small cut of 2×6” wood to secure the jack
  2. Flashlight (with batteries)
  3. Wheel wedges
  4. Gloves
  5. Rain poncho

Always make sure you have these items in your car, just in case. If you don’t, we suggest purchasing or gathering new ones ASAP.

How to Change Your Tire

After you’ve found a safe location, follow these steps to replace your flat tire (and check your owner’s manual for more specifics):

  • 1. Apply the parking brake & wheel wedges

    Always use these to reduce your chances of rolling. If you’re changing a back tire, put the wheel wedges in front of the front tires. If you’re changing a front tire, put them behind the rear wheels.

  • 2. Remove the hubcap or wheel cover

    Consult the owner’s manual for proper hubcap or wheel cover removal. If your lug nuts are exposed, then you can skip this step.

  • 3. Loosen the lug nuts

    Using your lug wrench and a little elbow grease, loosen the lug nuts about ¼ to ½ of a turn counterclockwise (but don’t completely remove them). They could be on tight, so give it all you got.

  • 4. Place the jack beneath the vehicle frame alongside the flat tire

    Most vehicles have an exposed metal area specifically for the jack. Follow the owner’s manual for specific instructions on where to place the jack.

  • 5. Raise the vehicle with the jack

    Place a small cut of 2×6” wood beneath the jack before raising the vehicle to prevent the jack from settling under the weight and coming off balance. Raise about 6-inches off the ground.

  • 6. Unscrew the lug nuts and remove the flat tire

    Remove the lug nuts completely, then grip the tire by the treads and carefully pull it free from the hub behind it. Set the flat tire aside.

  • 7. Mount the spare tire on the lug bolts

    Line up the rim with the lug bolts. Push the tire back gently until the lug bolts show through.

  • 8. Tighten the lug nuts by hand

    Put the lug nuts on the lug bolts and tighten them as much as possible by hand.

  • 9. Lower the vehicle and tighten the lug nuts again

    Lower until the spare tire is resting on the ground, but the full weight isn’t on it yet. Tighten the lug nuts with the wrench now, pushing down on it with the full weight of your body.

  • 10. Lower the vehicle completely

    Remove the jack when the car is on the ground again. Give another pull on the lug nuts with the wrench to make sure they’re as tight as possible.

  • 11. Replace the hubcap and stow all equipment

    The hubcap might not fit on the spare, so if that’s the case just stow it away with the rest of your equipment for the time being.

  • 12. Check the spare tire’s pressure

    Make sure it’s safe to drive on, and if it isn’t then immediately drive (slowly) to a service station.

  • 13. Visit a technician

    Temporary spare tires aren’t supposed to be driven for long distances or high speeds, so visit a technician ASAP so they can determine if your tire needs a repair or replacement. Drive cautiously until then

Categories: Service, Parts